Candidate Water Vapor Lines to Locate the H2O Snowline through High-Dispersion Spectroscopic Observations II. The Case of a Herbig Ae Star

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

      • Shota Notsu
      • Hideko Nomura
      • Daiki Ishimoto
      • Catherine Walsh
      • Mitsuhiko Honda
      • Tomoya Hirota
      • T. J. Millar

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      Observationally measuring the location of the H$_{2}$O snowline is crucial for understanding the planetesimal and planet formation processes, and the origin of water on Earth. In disks around Herbig Ae stars ($T_{\mathrm{*}}\sim$ 10,000K, $M_{\mathrm{*}}\gtrsim$ 2.5$M_{\bigodot}$), the position of the H$_{2}$O snowline is further from the central star compared with that around cooler, and less massive T Tauri stars. Thus, the H$_{2}$O emission line fluxes from the region within the H$_{2}$O snowline are expected to be stronger. In this paper, we calculate the chemical composition of a Herbig Ae disk using chemical kinetics. Next, we calculate the H$_{2}$O emission line profiles, and investigate the properties of candidate water lines across a wide range of wavelengths (from mid-infrared to sub-millimeter) that can locate the position of the H$_{2}$O snowline. Those line identified have small Einstein $A$ coefficients ($\sim 10^{-6} -10^{-3}$ s$^{-1}$) and relatively high upper state energies ($\sim$ 1000K). The total fluxes tend to increase with decreasing wavelengths. We investigate the possibility of future observations (e.g., ALMA, SPICA/SMI-HRS) to locate the position of the H$_{2}$O snowline. Since the fluxes of those identified lines from Herbig Ae disks are stronger than those from T Tauri disks, the possibility of a successful detection is expected to increase for a Herbig Ae disk.



      Original languageEnglish
      Article number118
      Number of pages23
      JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
      Journal publication date13 Feb 2017
      Issue number1
      StatePublished - 13 Feb 2017

        Research areas

      • astro-ph.EP, astro-ph.SR

      ID: 123880247