Simvastatin for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome long-term outcomes and cost-effectiveness from a randomised controlled trial

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      BACKGROUND

      Simvastatin therapy for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been shown to be safe and associated with minimal adverse effects, but it does not improve clinical outcomes. The aim of this research was to report on mortality and cost-effectiveness of simvastatin in patients with ARDS at 12 months.

      METHODS

      This was a cost-utility analysis alongside a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial carried out in the UK and Ireland. Five hundred and forty intubated and mechanically ventilated patients with ARDS were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive once-daily simvastatin (at a dose of 80 mg) or identical placebo tablets enterally for up to 28 days.

      RESULTS

      Mortality was lower in the simvastatin group (31.8%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 26.1-37.5) compared to the placebo group (37.3%, 95% CI 31.6-43.0) at 12 months, although this was not significant. Simvastatin was associated with statistically significant quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gain (incremental QALYs 0.064, 95% CI 0.002-0.127) compared to placebo. Simvastatin was also less costly (incremental total costs -£3601, 95% CI -8061 to 859). At a willingness-to-pay threshold of £20,000 per QALY, the probability of simvastatin being cost-effective was 99%. Sensitivity analyses indicated that the results were robust to changes in methodological assumptions with the probability of cost-effectiveness never dropping below 90%.

      CONCLUSION

      Simvastatin was found to be cost-effective for the treatment of ARDS, being associated with both a significant QALY gain and a cost saving. There was no significant reduction in mortality at 12 months, TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN, 88244364. Registered 26 November 2010.

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      • Simvastatin for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: long-term outcomes and cost-effectiveness from a randomised controlled trial

        Rights statement: © The Author(s). 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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      DOI

      Original languageEnglish
      Number of pages10
      JournalCritical Care
      Journal publication date17 May 2017
      Issue number108
      Volume21
      DOIs
      StatePublished - 17 May 2017

        Research areas

      • Journal Article

      ID: 129527357