Labor Militancy, Industrial Vigilantism and the Revival of the Klan in Industrial Birmingham

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation


Presentation of archival research demonstrating steel employers' involvement in formation of 'revived' KKK in Jefferson County, Alabama. Confronted with an unprecedented campaign to unionise unskilled Black labor, the most prominent steel employers I'm the District formed vigilante squads that became the basis for the largest Klan 'Klavern' in the United States.
Period14 Oct 1999
Event titleNorth America Labor History Conference 2000
Event typeConference
LocationDetroit, United States, MichiganShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • Labour History
  • Ku Klux Klan
  • African American History
  • Black Workers
  • Birmingham, Alabama