The 'Feasible Limits' of Black Protest: Racial Uplift and Birmingham's Black Working Class, 1900-1921

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk


Presentation based on archival research on tensions between an upwardly mobile Black middle class and a large Black labouring majority in the New South's leading industrial center. Exploring these tensions, I make an argument about the changing historiography of the late nineteenth century South and explore the externally-imposed limitations of Black politics in this difficult period.
Period16 May 1997
Event titleSymposium on New Perspectives in Southern History
Event typeConference
LocationAuburn, United States, AlabamaShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • African American History
  • US South
  • Labour History
  • Black Politics at the Nadir