Amnesties, Conflict and Peace Agreement (ACPA) Database



ACPA is a ground-breaking database providing open-access, qualitative descriptions of key themes relating to the scope and legal effects of different forms of amnesty, together with information on when and how they are implemented to remove criminal liability for conflict-related offences. The key themes covered in the database are:

The context in which the amnesty was introduced (e.g. regime type, or timing in the transition from conflict to peace)
• The process of introducing the amnesty, and where appropriate, amending or annulling the amnesty
• The categories of persons who benefited from the amnesty or were excluded from its terms
• The crimes that are included in or excluded from the amnesty
• The conditions that amnestied persons must comply with to obtain or retain amnesty
• The effects of the amnesty on criminal justice, civil remedies and administrative accountability processes
• How the amnesty was implemented, including whether victims had a voice in the process of deciding whether individual amnesty applicants should be granted amnesty

ACPA covers amnesties that are granted during ongoing conflicts, as part of peace negotiations, or in post-conflict periods. As of July 2020, ACPA contains data on 289 amnesties that were introduced from 1990-2016 in all world regions.

The database was created by Professor Louise Mallinder. It was published on 31 August 2020 with support from the University of Edinburgh’s Political Settlement Research Programme. The project is funded by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.
Date made available31 Aug 2020
PublisherThe University of Edinburgh
Temporal coverage1945 - 2016
Date of data production2003 - 2020
Geographical coverageglobal

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