• Room 0G.020 - Pharmacy & MCI

    United Kingdom

Accepting PhD Students

PhD projects

Open to PhD applications in the field of primary care, prescribing, older people, and medicines optimisation. Most projects which students undertake are mixed methods in nature i.e. using both qualitative and quantitative approaches.

1993 …2020

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Interests

Carmel Hughes PhD is a pharmacist by training and Professor in Primary Care Pharmacy at the School of Pharmacy. Her research interests focus the quality of drug use in older people particularly in long-term care setting and primary care, using a variety of study designs. She has published extensively on these topics and has led programmes of research in intervention studies in nursing homes for older people. Prof. Hughes was the first pharmacist to have been awarded a Harkness Fellowship in Health Care Policy by the Commonwealth Fund of New York City. She spent her fellowship year at the Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University where she collaborated with Profs. Kate Lapane and Vince Mor on pharmacoepidemiological studies in nursing homes.She was awarded the British Pharmaceutical Conference Medal for her research in September 2001.  She is the only pharmacist to have been awarded a National Primary Care Career Scientist Award from the Research and Development Division of the Department of Health in London. She has been a Cochrane Fellow, Editor for the EPOC group in the Cochrane Collaboration and was formerly the Joint Clinical Lead for the Northern Ireland Clinical Research Network.  She is an Associate Editor for Pilot and Feasibility Studies.  She is a member of the NIHR Health Services and Delivery Research Commissioned Prioritisation Committee and a member of Sub-Panel 3 for REF 2020.

Research Statement

Prof. Hughes's research interests lie in care of older people. She has undertaken a range of studies in primary and long-term care, ranging from observational epidemiology to cluster randomised controlled trials, and qualitative exploratory studies. Emphasis has been on elucidating factors which may influence prescribing in settings, notably long-term care, such as structural characteristics, pharmacist interventions and more recently, treatment culture. She has also undertaken studies on MRSA prevalance in nursing homes, an infection control education intervention study in nursing homes and led the N. Ireland contribution to the European Surveillance on Antimicrobial Consumption Point Prevalence studies in nursing homes, part of a 22 EU country project. She has contributed to a number of Cochrane systematic reviews. She has a particular interest in interventions studies and the development of interventions using a systematic approach.  This has informed a number of ongoing studies on medicines optimisation for people with dementia, and the prescribing of appropriate polypharmacy in primary care. Prof. Hughes's research has been funded from a range of sources including goverment, charities and the EU.

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Projects

Research Output

  • Brief interventions targeting long-term benzodiazepine and Z-drug use in primary care: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Lynch, T., Ryan, C., Hughes, C., Presseau, J., van Allen, Z., Bradley, C. & Cadogan, C., 01 Jan 2020, (Accepted) In : Addiction.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Developing evidence-based guidance for assessment of suspected infections in care home residents

    Hughes, C., Ellard, D. R., Campbell, A., Potter, R., Shaw, C., Gardner, E., Agus, A., O'Reilly, D., Underwood, M., Loeb, M., Stafford, B. & Tunney, M., 14 Feb 2020, In : BMC Geriatrics. 20, 1, p. 59

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 7 Downloads (Pure)

    Does potentially inappropriate prescribing predict an increased risk of admission to hospital and mortality? A longitudinal study of the 'oldest old'

    Cardwell, K., Kerse, N., Hughes, C. M., Teh, R., Moyes, S. A., Menzies, O., Rolleston, A., Broad, J. B. & Ryan, C., 28 Jan 2020, In : BMC Geriatrics. 20, 1, p. 28

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 17 Downloads (Pure)

    Improving medicines management for people with dementia in primary care: a qualitative study of healthcare professionals to develop a theory-informed intervention

    Barry, H. E., Bedford, L. E., McGrattan, M., Ryan, C., Passmore, A. P., Robinson, A. L., Molloy, G. J., Darcy, C. M., Buchanan, H. & Hughes, C. M., 14 Feb 2020, In : BMC Health Services Research. 20, 13 p., 120 .

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 15 Downloads (Pure)

    Activities

    National Institute for Health Research (External organisation)

    Carmel Hughes (Advisor)
    2020 → …

    Activity: Membership typesMembership of peer review panel or committee

    Research Excellence Framework 2021 (Event)

    Carmel Hughes (Advisor)
    2020 → …

    Activity: Membership typesMembership of peer review panel or committee

    Research Excellence Framework (REF) (External organisation)

    Carmel Hughes (Advisor)
    20202021

    Activity: Membership typesMembership of peer review panel or committee

    Appropriate and inappropriate polypharmacy-choosing the right strategy

    Carmel Hughes (Advisor)
    11 Nov 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited or keynote talk at national or international conference

    Older people are routinely over-mediated

    Carmel Hughes (Advisor)
    21 Mar 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited or keynote talk at national or international conference

    Thesis

    Improving medication adherence in older adults prescribed polypharmacy

    Author: Patton, D., 17 Oct 2017

    Supervisor: Hughes, C. (Supervisor) & Ryan, C. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

    File

    Pain in people with dementia: an exploration of prevalence, prescribing and attitudes

    Author: Barry, H. E., Dec 2012

    Supervisor: Hughes, C. (Supervisor), Passmore, A. (Supervisor) & Parsons, C. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy