Linda Boutoille


  • Room 02.011 - 42 Fitzwilliam Street

    United Kingdom


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Research Interests

Stone Tools for metalworking in the Atlantic Bronze Age

Main themes of research:

  • Tools of metalworkers (lithic and metallic) from the Atlantic Bronze Age
  • Metallurgy of the Bronze Age from the mining to the object
  • Image and position of the metalworker and the craftsman in the Bronze Age society
  • Lithic and metallic Hoard

From the nineteenth century, stone tools used for the plastic deformation of metals are reported and illustrated in the synthesis of the Bronze Age. Thus, Victor Gross in 1883 is probably the first researcher to publish an anvil stone still in block and discovery on the site Möringen Switzerland. However, these tools are attracting little attention from researchers who prefer their metal counterparts thereof.

In his workshop, the metallurgist uses a fairly varied tools compound tools and accessories terracotta (mold), wooden (mallet, block ...) bone, metal (mold, hammers, anvils) and stone (molds, hammers, anvils, abrasive tools ...).

Metal tools are only part of a larger whole. If to the Bronze Age, metal tools and stone molds are well understood, much less is known stone tools used for the plastic deformation of metals. However, they are present in all contexts (burials, deposit, workshop) of the European Bronze Age.

But just as the warrior, metallurgist prominently in Bronze Age societies, he is certainly one of the pillars. In addition, there appears different specialties (coppersmith, depth) whose position and status appear to have evolved from the Chalcolithic to the Iron Age.
So my research has two main goals:

• understand the lithic tools Metalworkers a functional point of view and replace it within the operating channels of the metal. Indeed, each hammer has a very specific form inducing a specific function it is stone, metal or wood. This is the morphology of the active part which indicates the function of the tool. The objective here is not to limit the study of the function, but to understand the entire tooling metallurgist and understand the role of different types of tools in the workshop .

• Present in all archaeological contexts (habitat, burial, deposit), lithic tools Metalworkers offer a global vision of the artisan and especially its place in societies Atlantic Bronze Age.


I graduated in June 2006 with a Master in Archaeology on Bronze Age metal tools as speciality from University of Toulouse. I commenced my PhD in October 2008 at the University of Burgundy (Dijon). For my PhD research, I decided to specialize in metalworking stone tools. I finished my PhD in December 2012. Since 2000, I did fieldworker in a lot of excavations in France, ranging from the Neolithic to the modern period, sometimes as a volunteer but also as a paid professional.

I am also particularly interested in the public dissemination of Archaeology and the History of arts and crafts. I had been working as tour guide since 2009, and since 2012 I have been a Lecturer Guide accredited by the Ministry of Culture and Communication for Picardy’s “Villes d’Art et d’Histoire (Amiens, Beauvais)” tourist board through the Beauvais tourist office.


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