Projects per year
My main interests are in: Environmental & Applied Tracers for natural and engineered systems; Hydrogeochemistry and Water Quality; Groundwater dating and palaeoclimatology; Regional-scale aquifer systems; Aquifer Sustanability issues; Water Resources Management.
I am the academic lead for the Environmental Tracers Laboratory (ETL) which I established at QUB in 1999 to: advance the use of natural and applied tracers for geohydrology (ie with emphasis on the 'hydrologic or fluid flow aspects of groundwater') and the investigation and characterisation of environmental and engineering systems; so as to promote sustainable use and practice and to increase fundamental understanding of gas and dissolved phase bio/geochemical processes in the surface and subsurface (unsaturated and saturated) zones; and to use this understanding to predict and mathematically model fate and transport processes for compounds of environmental concern.
Environmental tracer methods here are broadly taken to be techniques for obtaining information (eg transit times of material in media, permeability, dispersivity, subsurface activities, etc.) about an environmental and/or engineering system or some part of a system by observing the behaviour of a specific substance either injected into or inherently added within a system. This may involve, the direct application (injection) or artificial infiltration of tracers into the subsurface (eg Cl, organo-dye, and Kr, Xe, SF6 tracing in groundwaters – the noble gases in particular providing environmentally-friendly tracer technology), or the addition of (either natural or anthropogenic) tracers via natural infiltration and recharge processes to the subsurface (eg 14C, 3H, δ18O, δ2H, CFCs, SF6, noble gases), or through tracing the natural addition or loss within the subsurface (eg water-rock interactions), and also dissolved, bulk-partitioning, noble gases in open systems such as surface waters particularly can also be used to trace gas transfers across eg the air-water interface.
An ideal tracer is a substance that behaves in a system exactly as the traced material as far as the sought parameters and properties are concerned, but has one property that makes it distinguishable analytically from the traced material. In practice even substances which have other sources/sinks or relevant properties can be regarded as tracers if these sources/sinks/properties can be accounted for, or if their influence is negligible within the measurement accuracy. Tracers may and should be used “intelligently”. Thus, multi-tracer techniques to characterise a range of system parameters (eg multi-isotope techniques tracing water and solute sources) and/or a combined use of tracers differing by a single relevant property relevant to a parameter determination can be used. Examples of the latter are the use of conservative tracers of flow with non-conservative tracers of reaction (eg Cl- and Na+, the latter sensitive to cation exchange parameters in an aquifer), the use of several injected inert substances of differing molecular weight sensitive to diffusive parameters (eg noble gas tracing in dual-porosity media), and the use of bulk or interfacial partitioning tracers (to delimit eg subsurface phase characteristics). The benefit of tracing methods generically is that they can be used to validate eg conceptual and structural models of the system (potentially helping to reduce uncertainty) and/or can be conducted at the scale of interest (ie tracers responded to the integrated, swept-out volume in a system over the length/time scales investigated) to assess effective transport and fate parameters.
Thus, I use ambient, natural, Environmental Tracers (major, minor, trace elements, stable isotopes, noble gases, CFCs, radiogenic & radioactive isotopes) in both Environmental and Engineered Systems to characterise water quality controls, transit and residence times (especially groundwater dating, but including groundwaters as archives of past climatic change and future climate change effects), and mixing dynamics of systems. I have worked particularly in regional-scale aquifer systems and both porous & fissured media (eg London & Berkshire Chalk, East Yorshire Chalk, Lagan Valley Sandstone, Algerian Continental Intercalaire & Complexe Terminal Sandstone, etc.), and am currently working on the Guarani super-aquifer in Brazil. Recent work has also addressed for example mixing dynamics in the pumping of flooded, abandoned coal mines as a remediation strategy for Acid Mine Drainage impacts. The ETL also specialises in and deploys Environmentally-friendly, Applied, and Intelligent Tracers in subsurface systems (aquifers; karst systems; engineered Permeable Reactive Barriers, PRBs), and also for reaeration and gas evasion studies (eg noble gas injection and monitoring downstream for dilution/dispersion and loss across air-water interface) in streams.
I have been a past Associate Editor of Hydrogeology Journal(Springer; 2002-2006 inclusive) and on the Editorial Board and Hydrology & Earth Systems Science (HESSD & HESS: European Geoscience Union; 2005-2012 inclusive), and am currently on the Editorial Board of the open-access journal Water (MDPI; since 2014).
Environmental Legislation for Engineers & Scientists (civ8035); Chemistry of Natural Waters (civ8004/7018/4018); Engineering Surveying I /Surveying & Measurement I (civ1010); Statistical Tools and Research Methods (civ7010).
(Google Scholar Citations profile: if link does not work directly then copy and paste URL)
(Editor - Environmental Tracers, Water, Special Issue, 2014)
I am a Member of the UK Institute of Physics and a Chartered Physicist (CPhys, MInstP; since 1992), a Fellow of the Geological Society of London (FGS; since 1993), and a HEA Licensed Practitioner (FHEA; since 2003).
I was on the Board of Directors for NI2000 (Waste Management/Environmental charity; 2002-2003 inclusive), was Elected Chair for the Technical Committee for the Unsaturated Zone (TC-UZ) of the European Geosciences Union, EGU [2003-2006 inclusive], an External Examiner for MSc Hydrogeology in the School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds, UK [2008/09-2011/12 inclusive], and am currently an External Examiner for both MSc Hydrogeology & MSc Environmental Engineering for the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, UK [since 2014/15].
2007 Winner, Outstanding Paper Award, Water & Environment Journal (CIWEM) for ‘Direct measurements of reaeration rates using noble gas tracers in the River Lagan Northern Ireland’ by Sally E. Reid, Pauline A. Mackinnon & Trevor Elliot
Guidance for the Integrated Use of Hydrological, Geochemical, and Isotopic Tools in Mining OperationsWolkersdorfer, C., Nordstrom, D. K., Beckie, R. D., Cicerone, D. S., Elliot, T., Edraki, M., Valente, T., França, S. C. A., Kumar, P., Oyarzún Lucero, R. A. & Soler i Gil, A., 28 Feb 2020, In : Mine Water and the Environment. 25 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile4 Citations (Scopus)50 Downloads (Pure)
Performance of a field-scale biological permeable reactive barrier for in-situ remediation of nitrate-contaminated groundwater.Gibert, O., Assal, A., Devlin, H., Elliot, T. & Kalin, R. M., 01 Apr 2019, In : Science of the Total Environment. 659, p. 211 220 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile15 Citations (Scopus)107 Downloads (Pure)
Development of Guidelines for the Integrated Use of Hydrological, Geochemical and Isotope Tools in Mining Operations; The PrimerBeckie, R., Cicerone, D., Edraki, M., Elliot, T., Fernandes Valente, T., França, S., Kumar, P., Nordstrom, K., Oyarzún Lucero, R., Soler i Gil, A. & Wolkersdorfer, C., 09 Aug 2018, 66 p.
Research output: Book/Report › Book
Hydrogeochemical and isotopic indicators of vulnerability and sustainability in the GAS aquifer, São Paulo State, BrazilElliot, T. & Bonotto, D. M., 20 Nov 2017, In : Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 14, p. 130 -149
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile4 Citations (Scopus)553 Downloads (Pure)
Elliot, T., Apr 2017, In : Environmental Earth Sciences. 76, 15 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile5 Citations (Scopus)174 Downloads (Pure)
Outstanding Paper Award, Water & Environment Journal (CIWEM) for 'Direct measurements of reaeration rates using noble gas tracers in the River Lagan Northern Ireland' by Sally E. Reid, Pauline A. Mackinnon & Trevor Elliot
Elliot, Trevor (Recipient), 2007
Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)
International Atomic Enegery Agency (IAEA)/RCA Regional Training Course (RAS7032) Isotope Hydrology Training Course on the Use of Environmental Isotope Techniques to Assess Water Contamination, Vienna, Austria, 4th November - 8th November 2019.
Trevor Elliot (Invited speaker)04 Nov 2019 → 08 Nov 2019
Activity: Participating in or organising an event types › Participation in workshop, seminar, courseFile
Integrated hydraulic data and environmental tracers for monitoring dynamics of pumped minewaters from abandoned, flooded mines - Deerplay and Frances Collieries, UK
Trevor Elliot (Advisor)25 Jun 2018 → 28 Jun 2018
Activity: Talk or presentation types › Invited or keynote talk at national or international conference