10,000 years of climate control over carbon accumulation in an Iberian bog (southwestern Europe)

Xabier Pontevedra-Pombal, Daniel Castro, Martín Souto, Isabel Fraga, William H. Blake, Maarten Blaauw, José A. López-Sáez, Sebastián Pérez-Díaz, Marcos Valcárcel, Eduardo García-Rodeja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula is home to a unique ecosystem of bogs, which are particularly sensitive to projected climate change. In this context, the rate of carbon (C) accumulation in Chao de Veiga Mol, an intact raised bog, was analysed. Changes in the accumulation rate over the past 10 millennia were determined in a peat core of 847 cm in depth, with a high mean rate of peat growth (11 yr cm−1, 0.09 cm yr−1). An age-depth model was generated from 22 14C dates and fallout radionuclides. Chronological, stratigraphical and physico-chemical data confirmed the existence of a single cycle of peat formation throughout the Holocene and the formation of ombrotrophic peat 9500 years ago. The total mean C content was 50.2%, and over 10 millennia 583 kg C m−2 accumulated at a mean rate of 35.3 g C m−2 yr−1, with a long-term (apparent) rate of carbon accumulation in the catotelm of 59.9 g C m−2 yr−1. These values are much higher than reported for other Iberian peatlands and are amongst the highest documented for peatlands in the northern hemisphere. The dynamics of C accumulation and other measured parameters reveals important variations throughout the Holocene. They could be associated with the main climatic events described in the northern hemisphere and are highly consistent with models established for northern latitudes. The Chao de Veiga Mol raised bog is unique and of great potential value for carrying out high resolution palaeoenvironmental studies, especially in relation to regional and local modulations in southern Europe.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1521-1533
JournalGeoscience Frontiers
Volume10
Issue number4
Early online date07 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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bog
peat
raised bog
carbon
climate
peatland
Northern Hemisphere
catotelm
Holocene
fallout
accumulation rate
radionuclide
climate change
Europe
rate
ecosystem

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Geochemistry
  • Holocene
  • Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction
  • Peatland

Cite this

Pontevedra-Pombal, X., Castro, D., Souto, M., Fraga, I., Blake, W. H., Blaauw, M., ... García-Rodeja, E. (2019). 10,000 years of climate control over carbon accumulation in an Iberian bog (southwestern Europe). Geoscience Frontiers, 10(4), 1521-1533. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2018.09.014
Pontevedra-Pombal, Xabier ; Castro, Daniel ; Souto, Martín ; Fraga, Isabel ; Blake, William H. ; Blaauw, Maarten ; López-Sáez, José A. ; Pérez-Díaz, Sebastián ; Valcárcel, Marcos ; García-Rodeja, Eduardo. / 10,000 years of climate control over carbon accumulation in an Iberian bog (southwestern Europe). In: Geoscience Frontiers. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 1521-1533.
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Pontevedra-Pombal, X, Castro, D, Souto, M, Fraga, I, Blake, WH, Blaauw, M, López-Sáez, JA, Pérez-Díaz, S, Valcárcel, M & García-Rodeja, E 2019, '10,000 years of climate control over carbon accumulation in an Iberian bog (southwestern Europe)', Geoscience Frontiers, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1521-1533. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2018.09.014

10,000 years of climate control over carbon accumulation in an Iberian bog (southwestern Europe). / Pontevedra-Pombal, Xabier; Castro, Daniel; Souto, Martín; Fraga, Isabel; Blake, William H.; Blaauw, Maarten; López-Sáez, José A.; Pérez-Díaz, Sebastián; Valcárcel, Marcos; García-Rodeja, Eduardo.

In: Geoscience Frontiers, Vol. 10, No. 4, 07.2019, p. 1521-1533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Pontevedra-Pombal, Xabier

AU - Castro, Daniel

AU - Souto, Martín

AU - Fraga, Isabel

AU - Blake, William H.

AU - Blaauw, Maarten

AU - López-Sáez, José A.

AU - Pérez-Díaz, Sebastián

AU - Valcárcel, Marcos

AU - García-Rodeja, Eduardo

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KW - Geochemistry

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