123I-MIBG scintigraphy utility and cut-off value in a clinically representative dementia cohort

J. P. M. Kane, G. Roberts, G. S Petrides, J. J. Lloyd, J. T O'Brien, A. J Thomas

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the utility of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac scintigraphy (MIBG), and optimum heart: mediastinum ratio (HMR) for differentiating dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a clinically representative population, comparing findings with those of 123I-2β -carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl) nortropane (FP-CIT) SPECT. Methods: We recruited subjects with probable DLB (n = 17) and probable AD (n = 16) from clinical services. Each participant underwent clinical examination, cardiac MIBG scintigraphy and FP-CIT SPECT. Diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical symptoms using validated criteria. Cardiac MIBG uptake was measured by the planar HMR, blind to clinical diagnosis, with values below a cut-off taken from a previous study (<2.2 at four hours) defining scans as abnormal. FP-CIT scans were blindly rated according to a visual rating scale. Results: MIBG had a sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy of 71%, 81% and 76% for distinguishing DLB from AD. FP-CIT demonstrated a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 82%, 88% and 85%. Using a lower HMR cut-off to distinguish between abnormal and normal MIBG scans improved the accuracy of MIBG, raising specificity (100%) and overall accuracy (85%) without compromising sensitivity (71%). Neither prescription of potentially interfering medications, nor a history of myocardial infarction (MI), had a significant effect on HMR. Conclusion: We found that MIBG did not demonstrate superior sensitivity and overall accuracy to FP-CIT. HMR cut-off influences biomarker utility, and clinical and Caucasian populations may require a lower cut-off than those reported elsewhere. Future MIBG studies should include clinically representative cohorts as neither medications nor previous MI appear to influence HMR.
Original languageEnglish
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Early online date26 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 26 Jan 2019

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