1D-Leaky Wave Antenna Employing Parallel-Plate Waveguide Loaded With PRS and HIS

M. Garcia-Vigueras, J.L. Gomez-Tornero, George Goussetis, A.R. Weily, Rui Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


A new type of one-dimensional leaky-wave antenna (LWA) with independent control of the beam-pointing angle and beamwidth is presented. The antenna is based on a simple structure composed of a bulk parallel-plate waveguide (PPW) loaded with two printed circuit boards (PCBs), each one consisting of an array of printed dipoles. One PCB acts as a partially reflective surface (PRS), and the other grounded PCB behaves as a high impedance surface (HIS). It is shown that an independent control of the leaky-mode phase and leakage rate can be achieved by changing the lengths of the PRS and HIS dipoles, thus resulting in a flexible adjustment of the LWA pointing direction and directivity. The leaky-mode dispersion curves are obtained with a simple Transverse Equivalent Network (TEN), and they are validated with three-dimensional full-wave simulations. Experimental results on fabricated prototypes operating at 15 GHz are reported, demonstrating the versatile and independent control of the LWA performance by changing the PRS and HIS parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5976386
Pages (from-to)3687-3694
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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