This paper presents the design of a smart antenna that can achieve 3-D beam-scanning coverage. The antenna consists of a novel planar feed array and a cylindrical active frequency-selective surface (AFSS). First, an array fed metallic reflector is studied as a reference antenna to validate the beam-scanning characteristics in the elevation plane. Then, the AFSS is assessed through simulation and measurement results. Finally, the complete structure containing the planar collinear array and the AFSS is analyzed. A prototype at S-band has been designed, manufactured, and measured. The resulting antenna is shown to be able to operate at the 2.4-2.5 GHz frequency band and switch beams in both the azimuth and elevation planes. In the azimuth plane, the proposed antenna is capable of sweeping beams toward different directions to cover a full range of 360°. In the elevation plane, it can achieve beam steering within an angle range of +16°/ - 15°. The measured maximum gain of the antenna is 9.2 dBi. This is the first report of a low-cost 3-D coverage beam-scanning antenna based on AFSS.
- 3-D beam switching
- electronically beam-steering antennas
- frequency-selective surface (FSS)
- reconfigurable antennas
- smart antennas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering