3D printed O2 indicators

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A polymer filament, containing an O2-sensitive lumophore pigment, platinum(II) (pentafluorophenyl) porphyrin coated onto nanoparticulate silica particles, i.e. PtTFPP/SiO2, is produced and used in a filament which is then 3D printed as O2-sensitive indicator dots (1 cm diameter, 30 μm thick) on a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) supporting film substrate. Two different filaments, prepared using the polymers, low density polyethylene (LDPE) and polylactic acid (PLA), respectively, are used to produce 3D printed PtTFPP/SiO2/LDPE and PtTFPP/SiO2/PLA O2-sensitive indicator dots, with dynamic ranges of 0–30% and 0–400% O2, respectively. The O2 response characteristics of these two, very different, indicator dots, such as sensitivity, response time and temperature sensitivity, are measured and compared with those of a commercial O2 indicator, FOSPOR (OceanInsight) and other commercial O2 indicators. The potential of this method for mass manufacture of O2 indicator dots and the likelihood that it can be extended to produce other optical indicators, such as those for ammonia or CO2, are discussed briefly.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Analyst
Early online date26 May 2020
Publication statusEarly online date - 26 May 2020


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