3D printing in ophthalmology: from medical implants to personalised medicine

Greymi Tan, Nicole Ioannou, Essyrose Mathew, Aristides D. Tagalakis, Dimitrios A. Lamprou*, Cynthia Yu-Wai-Man*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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3D printing was invented thirty years ago. However, its application in healthcare became prominent only in recent years to provide solutions for drug delivery and clinical challenges, and is constantly evolving. This cost-efficient technique utilises biocompatible materials and is used to develop model implants to provide a greater understanding of human anatomy and diseases, and can be used for organ transplants, surgical planning and for the manufacturing of advanced drug delivery systems. In addition, 3D printed medical devices and implants can be customised for each patient to provide a more tailored treatment approach. These advantages and applications of 3D printing can be used to treat patients with different eye conditions, with advances in 3D bioprinting offering novel therapy applications in ophthalmology. The purpose of this review paper is to provide an in-depth understanding of the applications and advantages of 3D printing in treating different ocular conditions in the cornea, glaucoma, retina, lids and orbits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122094
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Early online date11 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2022


  • 3D Printing
  • Ophthalmology
  • implants
  • Drug delivery
  • Personalised Medicine
  • Bioprinting
  • Additive Manufacturing


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