3D Scaffolds in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: New Trends vs Conventional Approaches

Katie Glover, Alexandros Stratakos, Aniko Varadi, Dimitrios Lamprou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus, affecting roughly 25% of diabetic patients and resulting in lower limb amputation in over 70% of known cases. In addition to the devastating physiological consequences of DFU and its impact on patient quality of life, DFU has significant clinical and economic implications. Various traditional therapies are implemented to effectively treat DFU. However, emerging technologies such as bioprinting and electrospinning, present an exciting opportunity to improve current treatment strategies through the development of 3D scaffolds, by overcoming the limitations of current wound healing strategies. This review provides a summary on (i) current prevention and treatment strategies available for DFU; (ii) methods of fabrication of 3D scaffolds relevant for this condition; (iii) suitable materials and commonly used molecules for the treatment of DFU; and (iv) future directions offered by emerging technologies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Publication statusAccepted - 20 Feb 2021


  • Diabetic foot ulcer
  • 3D bioprinting
  • Wound Healing
  • Electrospinning
  • Scaffolds
  • implants
  • cold-plasma
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Emerging Technologies

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