5'-Chalcogen-substituted Nucleoside Pyrophosphate and Phosphate Monoester analogues: preparation and hydrolysis studies

Satu Mikkola, Olga Eguaogie, Anu Nieminen, Patrick F Conlon, David L Jakeman, Keith Moore, Ian C Lane, Joseph S Vyle

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Novel sulfur and selenium substituted 5',5'-linked dinucleoside pyrophate analogues were prepared in a vibration ball mill from the corresponding persilylated monophosphate. The chemical hydrolysis of pyrophosphorochalcogenolate-linked dimers was studied over a wide pH-range. The effect of the chalcogeno-substitution on the reactivity of dinucleoside pyrophosphates was surprisingly modest, and the chemical stability is promising considering the potential therapeutic or diagnostic applications. The chemical stability of the precursor phosphorochalcogenolate monoesters was also investigated. Hydrolytic desilylation of these materials was effected in aqueous buffer at pH 3, 7 or 11 and resulted in phosphorus-chalcogen bond scission which was monitored using P NMR. The rate of dephosphorylation was dependent upon both the nature of the chalcogen and the pH. The integrity of the P-S bond in the corresponding phosphorothiolate was maintained at high pH but rapidly degraded at pH 3. In contrast, P-Se bond cleavage of the phosphoroselenolate monoester was rapid and the rate increased with alkalinity. The results obtained in kinetic experiments provide insight on the reactivity of the novel pyrophosphates studied as well as of other types of thiosubstituted biological phosphates. At the same time, these results also provide evidence for possible formation of unexpectedly reactive intermediates as the chalcogen-substituted analogues are metabolised.
Original languageEnglish
Article number15582
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 08 Dec 2022


  • Diphosphates - chemistry
  • Hydrolysis
  • 31P NMR
  • Michaelis-Arbuzov
  • hydrolysis
  • nucleotide analogues
  • pyrophosphate
  • Nucleosides
  • kinetics
  • Phosphates - chemistry
  • capillary zone electrophoresis
  • Chalcogens
  • mechanochemistry


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