A fluorescence model of the C3 radical in comets

Rousselot P, Arpigny C, Heike Rauer, Anita Cochran, R Gredel, William D. Cochran, J. Manfroid, Alan Fitzsimmons

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Abstract

Theoretical resonance fluorescence calculations are presented of the triatomic C3 radical and are compared with observations of the C3 emission in comets Hale-Bopp and de Vico. A theoretical model of the C3 vibration-rotational structure in the A1Piu - X1Sigmag + electronic system is introduced. The model takes into account the detailed structure of the bending mode nu2 which is responsible for the emission of the 4050 Å group. A total of 1959 levels are considered, with 515 levels in the ground state. The main effort is to model high-resolution spectra of the 4050 Å emission in comets C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp and 122P/1995 S1 de Vico. The agreement between observed and theoretical spectra is good for a value of the dipole moment derivative of dmu/dr ~ 2.5 Debye Å-1. The modeled C3 emission exhibits a pronounced Swings effect. Based on observations made with William Herschel Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, and on observations made at the McDonald Observatory, which is operated by the University of Texas at Austin, USA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-699
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume368
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    P, R., C, A., Rauer, H., Cochran, A., Gredel, R., Cochran, W. D., Manfroid, J., & Fitzsimmons, A. (2001). A fluorescence model of the C3 radical in comets. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 368, 689-699.