A 2300 yr record of sago and rice use from the southern Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo

SE Jones, C Hunt, PJ Reimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rice and sago are today important staples for many subsistence farmers and nomadic hunter-gatherers living in interior Borneo, but the cultural antiquity of these staples remains poorly understood. This study examines a 2300 yr sedimentary record from a palaeochannel near the village of Pa’Dalih in the southern Kelabit Highlands. Pollen and phytolith evidence indicate significant use of the sago palm Eugeissona near the channel during this period. Oryza phytoliths likely belonging to domesticated rice varieties are also recorded, although rice may have been used to a lesser extent than the sago palms. A rise in cultural activity takes place between c. 1715 and 1600 cal. BP, shown by increased frequency of fires.
LanguageEnglish
Pages708-720
Number of pages13
JournalThe Holocene
Volume23
Issue number5
Early online date06 Feb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2013

Fingerprint

phytolith
rice
hunter-gatherer
subsistence
village
pollen
Borneo
Highlands
Sarawak
Phytoliths
Farmers
Village
Pollen
Subsistence
Antiquity
Palaeochannels
Hunter-gatherers

Keywords

  • cultural
  • Eugeissona
  • Kelabit Highlands
  • late Holocene
  • Oryza
  • Pa'Dalih
  • rice
  • sago palms

Cite this

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A 2300 yr record of sago and rice use from the southern Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. / Jones, SE; Hunt, C; Reimer, PJ.

In: The Holocene, Vol. 23, No. 5, 18.04.2013, p. 708-720.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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