A brief review on key technologies in the battery management system of electric vehicles

Kailong Liu, Kang Li*, Qiao Peng, Cheng Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)
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Batteries have been widely applied in many high-power applications, such as electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles, where a suitable battery management system (BMS) is vital in ensuring safe and reliable operation of batteries. This paper aims to give a brief review on several key technologies of BMS, including battery modelling, state estimation and battery charging. First, popular battery types used in EVs are surveyed, followed by the introduction of key technologies used in BMS. Various battery models, including the electric model, thermal model and coupled electro-thermal model are reviewed. Then, battery state estimations for the state of charge, state of health and internal temperature are comprehensively surveyed. Finally, several key and traditional battery charging approaches with associated optimization methods are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
JournalFrontiers of Mechanical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 02 Apr 2018


  • battery charging
  • battery management system
  • battery modelling
  • battery state estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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