A Community Driven Approach to Reconstruction Management

R. McGrath, J. Von Meding, L. Oyedele, K. McAllister, J. Spillane, J. Bruen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    Without human beings, and human activities, hazards can strike but disasters cannot occur, they are not just natural phenomena but a social event (Van Der Zon, 2005). The rapid demand for reconstruction after disastrous events can result in the impacts of projects not being carefully considered from the outset and the opportunity to improve long-term physical and social community structures being neglected. The events that struck Banda Aceh in 2004 have been described as
    a story of ‘two tsunamis’, the first being the natural hazard that struck and the second being the destruction of social structures that occurred as a result of unplanned, unregulated and uncoordinated response (Syukrizal et al, 2009). Measures must be in place to ensure that, while aiming to meet reconstruction
    needs as rapidly as possible, the risk of re-occurring disaster impacts are reduced through both the physical structures and the capacity of the community who inhabit them. The paper explores issues facing reconstruction in a post-disaster scenario, drawing on the connections between physical and social reconstruction in order to address long term recovery solutions. It draws on a study of relevant literature and a six week pilot study spent in Haiti exploring the progress of recovery in the Haitian capital and the limitations still restricting reconstruction efforts. The study highlights the need for recovery management strategies that recognise the link between social and physical reconstruction and the significance of community based initiatives that see local residents driving recovery in terms of debris handling and rebuilding. It demonstrates how a community driven approach to physical reconstruction could also address the social impacts of events that, in the case of places such as Haiti, are still dramatically restricting recovery efforts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings for the International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment for Now and the Future
    EditorsM. Soutsos, C. Goodier, L. T. Thanh, N. V. Tuan
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventThe International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment for Now and the Future - Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Duration: 26 Mar 201327 Mar 2013


    ConferenceThe International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment for Now and the Future
    CountryViet Nam

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