A Compact Reconfigurable NRI-TL Metamaterial Phase-Shifter for Antenna Applications

Muhammad Ali Babar Abbasi, Marco A. Antoniades, Symeon Nikolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
711 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a compact reconfigurable phase-shifter based on negative-refractive-index transmission-line (NRI-TL) metamaterial unit cells. Two inter-switchable NRI-TL metamaterial unit cells are collocated within the same board area, and can be reconfigured based on the biasing polarity of embedded PIN diodes to provide two discrete phase states. The PIN diodes are located on the shunt branches of the metamaterial line in order to reduce losses in the direct signal path. Design limitations in terms of return loss and insertion loss are discussed in relation to the two phase states. A proof-of-concept module with a size of 17.8 × 21.6 mm2 is designed at 1 GHz, with measured insertion phases of −14.5° and +58.5° in the two phase states leading to a differential phase shift of 73°, while exhibiting insertion losses of 1.43 dB and 0.89 dB, respectively. The combined bandwidth for which the reflection coefficient in both states remains simultaneously below −10 dB is 0.46 GHz (46%), from 0.83 GHz to 1.29 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Early online date24 Nov 2017
Publication statusEarly online date - 24 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Impedance matching
  • Inductors
  • Loading
  • metamaterial
  • Metamaterials
  • Negative-refractive-index transmission-line (NRI-TL)
  • phase shifter
  • Phase shifters
  • Power transmission lines
  • reconfigurable
  • Shunts (electrical)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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