A comparative pharmacokinetic study of conventional propranolol and long acting preparation of propranolol in patients with cirrhosis and normal controls

R G Watson, W Bastain, K A Larkin, J R Hayes, J A McAinsh, R G Shanks

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1 Six male patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and seven normal control subjects were each given 80 mg twice daily of conventional propranolol for 1 week and 160 mg once daily of a long acting preparation (LA) of propranolol for 1 week. 2 Plasma propranolol levels were measured at regular intervals on the first and seventh days of both weeks and also following an acute intravenous infusion of 10 mg propranolol on a separate occasion. 3 After the single intravenous dose the elimination half-life tended to be prolonged in the cirrhotic group (median 7.15 h) compared with controls (median 2.92 h) (P = 0.055). 4 After multiple oral dosing with 80 mg twice daily of conventional propranolol the steady-state plasma concentration (Css), area under the curve (AUC tau), peak concentration (Cmax) and trough concentration (Cmin) were significantly higher in cirrhotic patients and the peak: trough ratio (Cmax/Cmin) was significantly lower than controls. 5 After multiple oral dosing with 160 mg LA once daily Cmin was significantly higher than Cmax/min significantly lower in cirrhotic patients; Css, AUC and Cmax were higher than controls but not statistically different. 6 Within both subject groups the bioavailability of 80 mg twice daily of conventional propranolol tended to be greater than 160 mg LA once daily. Cmax was significantly higher in both groups and Css higher in the cirrhotic group with conventional propranolol. 7 In the cirrhotic group the mean reduction in supine heart rate in the steady state was 31.8% with conventional 80 mg twice daily propranolol and 23.75% with 160 mg LA once daily.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-35
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume24
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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