Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) and titanium alloy stacks are typical difficult-to-machine materials and often results in rapid tool wear, leading to a low drilling efficiency in aircraft assembling. Helical milling process has demonstrated its superior performance in making holes in these materials, but selecting a proper cutting tool is still a great challenge and little research has been carried out to investigate the effect of different coatings on tools performance. Therefore, in this paper, milling tools with and without coatings (diamond coating, TiAlN+AlCrN multilayer coating and TiAlN coating) were employed in helical milling of Ti/CFRP stacks. The cutting performance and the degradation mechanisms of these milling tools were investigated in details. It is found that, uncoated tools demonstrate the best cutting performance with lowest cutting force, highest hole quality and slightest tool wear. Degradation of nitride coated tools is due to the combined effects of increased roundness of cutting edge and the strong dependence of cutting performance on the tool sharpness. Diamond coated tools showed the greatest degradation, which has been attributed to the low materials ductility at tool cutting edge, weak adhesive strength between the coating and substrate, and the poor thermal resistance of the diamond coating.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Early online date||16 Sep 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2018|