A comparison of redox polymer and enzyme co-immobilization on carbon electrodes to provide membrane-less glucose/O 2 enzymatic fuel cells with improved power output and stability

Saravanan Rengaraj, Paul Kavanagh, Dónal Leech*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glassy carbon and graphite electrodes modified with films of enzyme and osmium redox polymer, cross linked with poly (ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether, were used for elaboration of a glucose/O 2 enzymatic fuel cell. The redox polymers [Os(4,4'-dimethoxy-2,2'-bipyridine) 2(polyvinylimidazole) 10Cl] + and [Os(4,4'-dichloro-2,2'-bipyridine) 2(polyvinylimidazole) 10Cl] + were selected to facilitate transfer of electrons from the glucose oxidase (GOx) active site to the T1 Cu site of multicopper oxygenases of Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThLacc) and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (MvBOD). Maximum power density at pH 5.5 of 3.5μWcm -2 at a cell voltage of 0.35V was obtained for an assembled membrane-less fuel cell based on ThLacc on glassy carbon as cathode, in the presence of 0.1M glucose, 37°C, with lower power observed at pH 7.4 and 4.5. Replacement of the ThLacc cathode with that of MvBOD produced 10μWcm -2 at 0.25V under pseudo-physiological conditions. Replacement of glassy carbon with graphite as base electrode material resulted in increased redox polymer loading, leading to an increase in power output to 43μWcm -2 at 0.25V under similar conditions. Improved stabilization of biofilms was achieved through covalent anchoring of enzyme and redox polymer on graphite electrodes, derivatized via electrochemical reduction of the diazonium cation generated in situ from p-phenylenediamine. Enzymatic fuel cells using this approach retained 70% power at 24h, whereas fuel cells prepared without chemical anchoring to graphite retained only 10% of power over the same interval.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-299
Number of pages6
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Enzymatic fuel cell
  • Glucose oxidase
  • Modified graphite
  • Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase
  • Osmium redox polymer
  • Trametes hirsuta laccase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Electrochemistry

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