Transport accounts for 22% of greenhouse gas emissions in the United Kingdom and cars are expected tomore than double by 2050. Car manufacturers are continually aiming for a substantially reduced carbonfootprint through improved fuel efficiency and better powertrain performance due to the strict EuropeanUnion emissions standards. However, road tax, not just fuel efficiency, is a key consideration of consumerswhen purchasing a car. While measures have been taken to reduce emissions through stricter standards, infuture, alternative technologies will be used. Electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and range extended electricvehicles have been identified as some of these future technologies. In this research a virtual test bed of aconventional internal combustion engine and a range extended electric vehicle family saloon car were builtin AVL’s vehicle and powertrain system level simulation tool, CRUISE, to simulate the New EuropeanDrive Cycle and the results were then soft-linked to a techno-economic model to compare the effectivenessof current support mechanisms over the full life cycle of both cars. The key finding indicates that althoughcarbon emissions are substantially reduced, switching is still not financially the best option for either theconsumer or the government in the long run.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2015|
|Event||SEEP 2015: 8th International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Protection - University of West of Scotland, Scotland, Paisley, United Kingdom|
Duration: 11 Aug 2015 → 14 Aug 2015
|Conference||SEEP 2015: 8th International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Protection|
|Period||11/08/2015 → 14/08/2015|