A density functional theory study of CH2 and H adsorption on Ni(111)

A Michaelides, P Hu*

*Corresponding author for this work

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ab initio total energy calculations within the density functional theory framework have been used to study the adsorption of CH2 and H as well as the coadsorption of CH2 and H on Ni(111). H binds strongly at threefold hollow sites with calculated adsorption energies of 2.60 and 2.54 eV at the face-centered-cubic (fcc) and hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) hollow sites, respectively. Adsorption energies and H-Ni distances are found to agree well with both experimental and theoretical results. CH2 adsorbs strongly at all high symmetry sites with calculated adsorption energies of 3.26, 3.22, 3.14 and 2.36 eV at the fcc, hcp, bridge and top sites, respectively. Optimized structures are reported at all sites, and, in the most stable hollow sites there is considerable internal reorganization of the CH2 fragment. The CH2 molecule is tilted, the hydrogens are inequivalent and the C-H bonds are lengthened relative to the gas phase. In the CH2-H coadsorption systems the adsorbates have a tendency to move toward bridge sites. The bonding of all adsorbates to the surface is analyzed in detail. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-9606(00)71213-X].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6006-6014
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume112
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2000

Keywords

  • ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE CALCULATIONS
  • TRANSITION-METAL SURFACES
  • CYCLOHEXANE ADSORPTION
  • HYDROGEN CHEMISORPTION
  • METHANE ACTIVATION
  • ATOMIC-HYDROGEN
  • NICKEL
  • DYNAMICS
  • BOND
  • FRAGMENTS

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