A fast transient kinetic study of the effect of H-2 on the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with octane using isotopically labelled (NO)-N-15

J. P. Breen*, R. Burch, C. Hardacre, C. J. Hill, C. Rioche

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The H-2-assisted hydrocarbon selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) of NO, was investigated using fast transient kinetic analysis coupled with isotopically labelled (NO)-N-15. This allowed monitoring of the evolution of products and reactants during switches of H-2 in and out of the SCR reaction mix. The results obtained with a time resolution of less than 1 s showed that the effect on the reaction of the removal or addition of H-2 was essentially instantaneous. This is consistent with the view that H-2 has a direct chemical effect on the reaction mechanism rather than a secondary one through the formation of "active" Ag clusters. The effect of H-2 partial pressure was investigated at 245 degrees C, it was found that increasing partial pressure of H-2 resulted in increasing conversion of NO and octane. It was also found that the addition of H-2 at 245 degrees C had different effects on the product distribution depending on its partial pressure. The change of the nitrogen balance over time during switches in and out of hydrogen showed that significant quantities of N-containing species were stored when hydrogen was introduced to the system. The positive nitrogen balance on removal of H-2 from the gas phase showed that these stored species continued to react after removal of hydrogen to form N-2. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume246
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2007

Keywords

  • IN-SITU FTIR
  • H-2 effect
  • (NO)-N-15
  • Ag/Al2O3
  • SILVER-ALUMINA CATALYST
  • MECHANISTIC ASPECTS
  • HIGHER HYDROCARBONS
  • AG-ZEOLITES
  • ACTIVITY ENHANCEMENT
  • fast transient kinetics
  • isotopic labelling
  • NOx
  • AG/AL2O3 CATALYSTS
  • SCR
  • deNO(x)
  • HYDROGEN
  • SILVER/ALUMINA CATALYST

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