The application of machine learning-based state of health (SOH) prediction is hindered by large demand of training data. To conquer this defect, a flexible and easy transferred SOH prediction scheme for lithium-ion battery packs is developed. Firstly, the charging duration for a predefined voltage range is hired as the health feature to quantify capacity degradation. Then, the long short-term memory (LSTM) network and transfer learning (TL) with fine-tuning strategy are incorporated to constitute the cell mean model (CMM) for SOH prediction with partial training data. Next, to evaluate the SOH inconsistencies among cells, the LSTM model is employed as the cell difference model (CDM), and the minimum estimation value of CDM is identified to determine pack SOH. The experimental results reveal that even when the first 360 cycle data, occupying only 40% in the whole 904 cycle data, are chosen and constituted to the dataset for model training, the obtained estimation algorithm can still predict SOH precisely with the error of less than 3%, thus remarkably reducing the training data amount and mitigating the computation burden during model training. In addition, the preferable validation results on different types of lithium-ion batteries further manifest the extendibility of the proposed strategy.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification|
|Early online date||21 Apr 2021|
|Publication status||Early online date - 21 Apr 2021|