A group contribution method for viscosity estimation of ionic liquids

Ramesh Gardas, J.A.P. Coutinho

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198 Citations (Scopus)


Based on experimental viscosity data collected from the literature and using density data obtained from a predictive method previously proposed by the authors, a group contribution method is proposed to estimate viscosity of imidazolium-, pyridinium-, and pyrrolidinium-based ILs containing hexafluorophosphate (PF6), tetrafluoroborate (BF4), bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) amide (Tf2N), chloride (Cl), acetate (CH3COO), methyl sulfate (MeSO4), ethyl sulfate (EtSO4), and trifluoromethanesulfonate (CF3SO3) anions, covering wide ranges of temperature, 293–393 K and viscosity, 4–21,000 cP. It is shown that a good agreement with literature data is obtained. For circa 500 data points of 29 ILs studied, a mean percent deviation (MPD) of 7.7% with a maximum deviation smaller than 28% was observed. 71.1% of the estimated viscosities present deviations smaller than 10% of the experimental values while only 6.4% have deviations larger than 20%. The group contribution method here developed can thus be used to evaluate the viscosity of new ionic liquids in wide ranges of temperatures at atmospheric pressure and, as data for new groups of cations and anions became available, can be extended to a larger range of ionic liquids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume266 (1-2)
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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