A High Polyphenol Diet Improves Psychological Well-Being: The Polyphenol Intervention Trial (PPhIT)

Meropi D Kontogianni, Aswathy Vijayakumar, Ciara Rooney, Rebecca L Noad, Katherine M Appleton, Danielle McCarthy, Michael Donnelly, Ian S Young, Michelle C McKinley, Pascal P McKeown, Jayne V Woodside

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Mental ill health is currently one of the leading causes of disease burden worldwide. A growing body of data has emerged supporting the role of diet, especially polyphenols, which have anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of a high polyphenol diet (HPD) compared to a low polyphenol diet (LPD) on aspects of psychological well-being in the Polyphenol Intervention Trial (PPhIT). Ninety-nine mildly hypertensive participants aged 40-65 years were enrolled in a four-week LPD washout period and then randomised to either an LPD or an HPD for eight weeks. Both at baseline and the end of intervention, participants' lifestyle and psychological well-being were assessed. The participants in the HPD group reported a decrease in depressive symptoms, as assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and an improvement in physical component and mental health component scores as assessed with 36-Item Short Form Survey. No differences in anxiety, stress, self-esteem or body image perception were observed. In summary, the study findings suggest that the adoption of a polyphenol-rich diet could potentially lead to beneficial effects including a reduction in depressive symptoms and improvements in general mental health status and physical health in hypertensive participants.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A High Polyphenol Diet Improves Psychological Well-Being: The Polyphenol Intervention Trial (PPhIT)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this