Unit commitment is a key issue in power system operation and has long been an intractable problem due to its complex mix-integer nonlinear formulation. The original unit commitment problem aims to minimize the fossil fuel cost by determining the on/off status of power units and power contribution of each online unit at the same time. However, the uncoordinated large charging power necessity of plug-in electric vehicles brings unprecedented challenges to the power system operators and further complicates the unit commitment problem. To seamless integrate the plug-in electric vehicles into the unit commitment, a new binary/real-value hybrid meta-heuristic algorithm framework is proposed in this paper, simultaneously determining the binary status and power output of units as well as the power delivered to/feedback from flexible charging and discharging of plug-in electric vehicles. A batch of binary particle swarm optimisation variants with different transfer functions are implemented and compared in solving the unit commitment problem with and without plug-in electric vehicles. Numerical studies illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed intelligent algorithm and the impact of different transfer functions is evaluated.
|Title of host publication||2016 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Nov 2016|