The aim of this study was to address chronic heart failure (HF) diagnosis with the application of machine learning (ML) approaches. In the present study, we simulated the procedure that is followed in clinical practice, as the models we built are based on various combinations of feature categories, e.g., clinical features, echocardiogram, and laboratory findings. We also investigated the incremental value of each feature type. The total number of subjects utilized was 422. An ML approach is proposed, comprising of feature selection, handling class imbalance, and classification steps. The results for HF diagnosis were quite satisfactory with a high accuracy (91.23%), sensitivity (93.83%), and specificity (89.62%) when features from all categories were utilized. The results remained quite high, even in cases where single feature types were employed.
- heart failure
- machine learning