A Maxwell relation for current-induced forces

A.P. Sutton, Tchavdar Todorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A Maxwell relation is presented involving current-induced forces. It provides a new physical picture of the origin of current-induced forces and in the small-voltage limit it enables the identification of a simple thermodynamic potential which drives electromigration. The question of whether current-induced forces are conservative or non-conservative is discussed briefly in the light of these insights.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-925
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Physics
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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