A method for assessing dietary intakes of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids in an Irish adult population

J. Costa Leite, A. P. Hearty, A. P. Nugent, M. J. Gibney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to quantify dietary intakes of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and trans fatty acids (trans FA) in Irish adults using the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (NSIFCS). To update the NSIFCS database, specific approaches were necessary to select accurate data. Published references were the main data source used to update for EPA and DHA (21.7%), while the UK Nutrient Databank was most frequently used to update for trans FA (46.7%). Total EPA and DHA mean daily intake was 275 mg/day whilst trans FA mean daily intake was 0.72% food energy. Younger adults had significantly lower intakes of EPA and DHA than older adults. The present study shows that dietary EPA and DHA intakes in the Irish adult population are below recommendations, especially among the younger population. Conversely, trans FA intakes are within the recommended value of < 2% food energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-599
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Food sciences and Nutrition
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dietary intake
  • docosahexaenoic acid
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid
  • Ireland
  • trans fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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