A MOLECULAR AND MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GYMNOGONGRUS-DEVONIENSIS (RHODOPHYTA) COMPLEX IN THE NORTH-ATLANTIC

Christine Maggs, S.E. Douglas, J. Fenety, C.J. Bird

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Gymnogongrus devoniensis (Greville) Schotter complex in the North Atlantic Ocean was elucidated by comparative molecular, morphological, and culture studies. Restriction fragment length patterns and hybridization data on organellar DNA revealed two distinct taxa in samples from Europe and eastern Canada. Nucleotide sequences for the intergenic spacer between the large and small subunit genes of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco), and the adjoining regions of both genes, differed by 12.5-13.4% between the two taxa. One of the taxa, which included material from the type locality of G. devoniensis at Torbay, Devon, England, was taken to represent authentic G. devoniensis. Within this taxon, samples from Ireland, England, northern France, northern Spain, and southern Portugal showed great morphological variation, particularly in habit, but their Rubisco spacer sequences were identical or differed by only a single nucleotide. Constant morphological features included the development, from a single auxiliary cell, of the spherical cystocarp with a thick mucilage sheath that appears to be typical of Gymnogongrus species with internal cystocarps. Two life-history types were found. Northern isolates underwent a direct-type life history, recycling apomictic females by carpospores, whereas the Portuguese isolate followed a heteromorphic life history in which carpospores gave rise to a crustose tetrasporophyte.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-232
Number of pages19
JournalJournal Of Phycology
Volume28
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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