A multicentre prevalence study in Europe on Giardia duodenalis in calves, with molecular identification and risk factor analysis

T. Geurden, R. Vanderstichel, H. Pohle, A. Ehsan, G. von Samson-Himmelstjerna, E. R. Morgan, P. Camuset, G. Capelli, J. Vercruysse, E. Claerebout

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Abstract

The present study aimed to obtain data on the occurrence of Giardia duodenalis in calves in four major cattle rearing countries in Europe (Germany, UK, France and Italy), along with genotyping data and risk factors associated with these infections. A total of 2072 calves were sampled on 207 farms. The majority of the animals were Holstein dairy or mixed Holstein calves (n = 1565 or 75.5%), and were female (n = 1640 or 79.1%). The average age was 7.8 weeks (SD = 4.1; median = 7; range = 2-16 weeks). All fecal samples were tested using a commercially available monoclonal antibody-based ELISA. The overall apparent prevalence of G. duodenalis for the four countries was 45.4% (n = 942/2072) and the overall farm prevalence was 89.9% (186/207), with differences in both animal and farm prevalence between the four countries. The prevalence was significantly higher in animals up to 8 weeks (OR=1.88; P
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume190
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2012

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