A Natural Peanut Edible Coating Enhances the Chemical and Sensory Stability of Roasted Peanuts

María Paula Martín, Cecilia Gabriela Riveros, Alejandro Paredes, Daniel Alberto Allemandi, Valeria Nepote, Nelson Rubén Grosso*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to assess the enhancement of the chemical and sensory properties of roasted peanuts during storage, through the application of high‐protein defatted peanut flour (DPF) coatings incorporated with and without antioxidants. The control sample without coating, packed in normal atmosphere (control), showed the highest conjugated dienes (CD) increment (from 1.17 on day 0 to 3.60 on day 180). Roasted peanuts without coating, packed in high barrier bags under vacuum, reached the lowest CD at day 180 (1.92). Conjugated trienes and peroxide values were analogous to CD. The control exhibited the greatest decrease in α‐tocopherol (from 27.65 mg/100 g on day 0 to 21.32 mg/100 g on day 180) and γ‐tocopherol (from 21.91 mg/100 g on day 0 to 14.99 mg/100 g on day 180). 3‐Methylpyridine and 2,5‐dimethylpyrazine decreased with storage time only for the control, which had the highest increase in oxidized flavor (from 0 on day 0 to 13.30 on day 180), cardboard (from 7.67 on day 0 to 15.23 on day 180), and astringency. The lowest decreases in roasted peanutty scores were seen in coated samples. DPF coatings delayed roasted peanuts oxidation, enhancing their sensory properties and shelf life compared with the control sample.

Practical Application
Defatted peanut flour (DPF) is a byproduct obtained during peanut oil extraction and is a possible material for edible film preparation. This strategy adds value to the peanut industry by transforming a by‐product into a material with the potential to develop biodegradable and economical films. The application of this DPF‐based edible coating on the surface of roasted peanuts may have contributed to extent product's shelf life, allowing for coated products to be packaged in lower barrier and less expensive materials. Use of peanut material to coat peanuts avoids the risk of allergen protein cross contamination, which would be highly valuable for the food industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1537
JournalJournal of food science
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Natural Peanut Edible Coating Enhances the Chemical and Sensory Stability of Roasted Peanuts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this