A Near-infrared Chemical Inventory of the Atmosphere of 55 Cancri e

Emily K. Deibert*, Ernst J.W. De Mooij, Ray Jayawardhana, Andrew Ridden-Harper, Suresh Sivanandam, Raine Karjalainen, Marie Karjalainen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present high-resolution near-infrared spectra taken during eight transits of 55 Cancri e, a nearby low-density super-Earth with a short orbital period (<18 hr). While this exoplanet's bulk density indicates a possible atmosphere, one has not been detected definitively. Our analysis relies on the Doppler cross-correlation technique, which takes advantage of the high spectral resolution and broad wavelength coverage of our data, to search for the thousands of absorption features from hydrogen-, carbon-, and nitrogen-rich molecular species in the planetary atmosphere. Although we are unable to detect an atmosphere around 55 Cancri e, we do place strong constraints on the levels of HCN, NH3, and C2H2 that may be present. In particular, at a mean molecular weight of 5 amu, we can rule out the presence of HCN in the atmosphere down to a volume mixing ratio (VMR) of 0.02%, NH3 down to a VMR of 0.08%, and C2H2 down to a VMR of 1.0%. If the mean molecular weight is relaxed to 2 amu, we can rule out the presence of HCN, NH3, and C2H2 down to VMRs of 0.001%, 0.0025%, and 0.08%, respectively. Our results reduce the parameter space of possible atmospheres consistent with the analysis of Hubble Space Telescope/WFC3 observations by Tsiaras et al. and indicate that if 55 Cancri e harbors an atmosphere, it must have a high mean molecular weight or clouds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number209
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume161
Issue number5
Early online date07 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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