Recently several different JAK2 exon12 mutations have been identified in V617F negative polycythaemia vera (PV) or idiopathic erythrocytosis (IE) patients. The patients present with erythrocytosis, ligand-independent cell growth and low serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels. Within this group, a deletion of amino acids 542-543 (N542-E543del) of JAK2 is most prevalent. We have previously shown that in the presence of JAK2(V617F), suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) is unable to negatively regulate EPO signalling and proliferation of V617F-expressing cells. Here we report a PV patient heterozygous for the somatic JAK2(N542-E543del) mutation and a previously unreported germline mutation within the SH2 domain of SOCS3 (F136L). Interestingly, the SOCS3(F136L) mutation was detected in a Japanese myeloproliferative disorder patient cohort at double the frequency of healthy controls. Cells expressing SOCS3(F136L) had markedly elevated EPO-induced proliferation and extended EPO-induced JAK2 phosphorylation. Additionally, compared to wild-type SOCS3, mutant SOCS3 had an extended half-life in the presence of JAK2 and JAK2(N542-E543del). Our findings suggest that this loss-of-function SOCS3 mutation may have contributed to disease onset by causing deregulated JAK2 signalling in the presence of a constitutively active JAK2(N542-E543del) mutant.
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