A Novel Antimicrobial Peptide (Kassinatuerin-3) Isolated from the Skin Secretion of the African Frog, Kassina senegalensis

Hui Wang, Haoyang He, Xiaoling Chen, Mei Zhou, Minjie Wei, Xinping Xi, Chengbang Ma, Qiang Du, Tianbao Chen, Christopher Shaw, Lei Wang

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Abstract

Amphibian skin secretions are remarkable sources of novel bioactive peptides. Among these, antimicrobial peptides have demonstrated an outstanding efficacy in killing microorganisms via a general membranolytic mechanism, which may offer the prospect of solving specific target-driven antibiotic resistance. Here, the discovery of a novel defensive peptide is described from the skin secretion of the African frog, Kassina senegalensis. Named kassinatuerin-3, it was identified through a combination of “shot-gun” cloning and MS/MS fragmentation sequencing. Subsequently, a synthetic replicate was subjected to biofunctional evaluation. The results indicated that kassinatuerin-3 possessed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria but no effect against Gram-negative bacteria. Additionally, it was active in biofilm eradication on S. aureus and MRSA and in the antiproliferation of selected cancer cell lines. Moreover, it had a very mild hemolytic effect, which demonstrated a high therapeutic index for kassinatuerin-3. Collectively, although kassinatuerin-3 did not demonstrate remarkable bioactivities compared with other natural or synthetic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), it offered a new insight into the design of antimicrobial derivatives.
Original languageEnglish
Article number148
Number of pages14
JournalBiology
Volume9
Issue number7
Early online date02 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 02 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • amphibian skin secretion; Kassina senegalensis; antimicrobial peptide; antibiofilm; molecular cloning

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