Antimicrobial peptides are a promising resource for developing novel antibiotic and even anticancer drugs. Here, a 28-mer polypeptide, R2PLx, was identified from lyophilised skin secretions. The chemically-synthetic replicates exhibited moderate and broad-spectrum antimicrobial effect against various microorganisms including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA, MIC=256 μM). In additional, R2PLx was found to inhibit the proliferation of several tumour cells, especially showing more potent effect on prostate cancer cell, PC-3. The early cell apoptosis was observed in 6 h by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, as well as the activation of Caspase-3 at 5 μM peptide concentration. R2PLx may therefore be promising for developing new therapeutic approach for cancer treatment. In addition, the artificial deficiency of conserved rana-box loop or net positive charge in C-terminal domain notably reduced the biological activities of the truncated and substituted isoforms, respectively, suggesting for maintaining their biological potency of Ranatuerin family requires both cysteine-bridged segment and cationincity within the loop domain in C-terminus.
- anuran skin secretions, peptides, antibacterial properties, anti-cancer, rana-box