A Novel Dermaseptin Isolated from the Skin Secretion of Phyllomedusa tarsius and Its Cationicity-Enhanced Analogue Exhibiting Effective Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Activities

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Abstract

A novel dermaseptin peptide, dermaseptin-PT9 (DPT9), was isolated and identified from Phyllomedusa tarsius by the combination of molecular cloning and LC-MS analysis. Chemically synthesised DPT9 was broadly effective against the tested microorganisms through the disruption of cell membranes and showed weak haemolytic activity towards horse erythrocytes. It also exhibited anti-proliferative effect against various human cancer cells. Moreover, an analogue with enhanced cationicity, K8, 23-DPT9, in which Asp8 and Glu23 were substituted by lysine residues, had a markedly increased antimicrobial effect against all tested microorganisms and disrupted microbial cell membranes. This analogue also showed no haemolysis at its effective antimicrobial concentrations. In addition, K8, 23-DPT9 displayed an enhanced anti-proliferative effect against cancer cells, while displayed weak activity against the normal human cell line, HMEC-1.
Original languageEnglish
Article number628
Number of pages13
JournalBiomolecules
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2019

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Tarsiidae
Skin
Cells
Cell membranes
Microorganisms
Cell Membrane
Cloning
Molecular Cloning
Hemolysis
Horses
Lysine
Neoplasms
Erythrocytes
dermaseptin
Cell Line
Peptides

Cite this

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title = "A Novel Dermaseptin Isolated from the Skin Secretion of Phyllomedusa tarsius and Its Cationicity-Enhanced Analogue Exhibiting Effective Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Activities",
abstract = "A novel dermaseptin peptide, dermaseptin-PT9 (DPT9), was isolated and identified from Phyllomedusa tarsius by the combination of molecular cloning and LC-MS analysis. Chemically synthesised DPT9 was broadly effective against the tested microorganisms through the disruption of cell membranes and showed weak haemolytic activity towards horse erythrocytes. It also exhibited anti-proliferative effect against various human cancer cells. Moreover, an analogue with enhanced cationicity, K8, 23-DPT9, in which Asp8 and Glu23 were substituted by lysine residues, had a markedly increased antimicrobial effect against all tested microorganisms and disrupted microbial cell membranes. This analogue also showed no haemolysis at its effective antimicrobial concentrations. In addition, K8, 23-DPT9 displayed an enhanced anti-proliferative effect against cancer cells, while displayed weak activity against the normal human cell line, HMEC-1.",
author = "Miaoran Li and Xinping Xi and Chengbang Ma and Xiaoling Chen and Mei Zhou and Burrows, {James F.} and Tianbao Chen and Lei Wang",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "18",
doi = "10.3390/biom9100628",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Biomolecules",
issn = "2218-273X",
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T1 - A Novel Dermaseptin Isolated from the Skin Secretion of Phyllomedusa tarsius and Its Cationicity-Enhanced Analogue Exhibiting Effective Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Activities

AU - Li, Miaoran

AU - Xi, Xinping

AU - Ma, Chengbang

AU - Chen, Xiaoling

AU - Zhou, Mei

AU - Burrows, James F.

AU - Chen, Tianbao

AU - Wang, Lei

PY - 2019/10/18

Y1 - 2019/10/18

N2 - A novel dermaseptin peptide, dermaseptin-PT9 (DPT9), was isolated and identified from Phyllomedusa tarsius by the combination of molecular cloning and LC-MS analysis. Chemically synthesised DPT9 was broadly effective against the tested microorganisms through the disruption of cell membranes and showed weak haemolytic activity towards horse erythrocytes. It also exhibited anti-proliferative effect against various human cancer cells. Moreover, an analogue with enhanced cationicity, K8, 23-DPT9, in which Asp8 and Glu23 were substituted by lysine residues, had a markedly increased antimicrobial effect against all tested microorganisms and disrupted microbial cell membranes. This analogue also showed no haemolysis at its effective antimicrobial concentrations. In addition, K8, 23-DPT9 displayed an enhanced anti-proliferative effect against cancer cells, while displayed weak activity against the normal human cell line, HMEC-1.

AB - A novel dermaseptin peptide, dermaseptin-PT9 (DPT9), was isolated and identified from Phyllomedusa tarsius by the combination of molecular cloning and LC-MS analysis. Chemically synthesised DPT9 was broadly effective against the tested microorganisms through the disruption of cell membranes and showed weak haemolytic activity towards horse erythrocytes. It also exhibited anti-proliferative effect against various human cancer cells. Moreover, an analogue with enhanced cationicity, K8, 23-DPT9, in which Asp8 and Glu23 were substituted by lysine residues, had a markedly increased antimicrobial effect against all tested microorganisms and disrupted microbial cell membranes. This analogue also showed no haemolysis at its effective antimicrobial concentrations. In addition, K8, 23-DPT9 displayed an enhanced anti-proliferative effect against cancer cells, while displayed weak activity against the normal human cell line, HMEC-1.

U2 - 10.3390/biom9100628

DO - 10.3390/biom9100628

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Biomolecules

JF - Biomolecules

SN - 2218-273X

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