A novel Hamilton receptor monomer for the stoichiometric molecular imprinting of barbiturates

Stefania Lettieri, Panagiotis Manesiotis, Molly Slann, Dewi W. Lewis, Andrew J. Hall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

New molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for the recognition of barbiturates were synthesised by “bulk” polymerisation. These polymers were prepared using pentobarbital as the template in combination with a novel Hamilton receptor functional monomer. The solution binding properties of the monomer were assessed by NMR titration experiments, showing high affinity for barbiturates and lower affinity for related compounds lacking the ability to form as many hydrogen bonds. The properties of the MIP were assessed via equilibrium rebinding experiments and in the chromatographic mode, and compared to the behaviour of a control non-imprinted polymer (NIP). The MIP showed a far higher population of binding sites with higher affinity than the NIP which was reflected in the chromatographic evaluation, where the template and a related barbiturate were not eluted from the MIP within 60 min, while their retention was weak on the NIP, leading to extremely high imprinting factors. Other analytes were weakly retained by MIP and NIP, with those presented an acceptor-donor-acceptor array of hydrogen bonding sites most retained. Preliminary molecular modelling studies support the hypothesis that the presence of the template in the MIP synthesis “chooses” the conformation of the functional monomer that is “locked in” during the polymerisation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105031
JournalReactive and Functional Polymers
Volume167
Early online date06 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 06 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Molecularly imprinted polymer
  • Hamilton receptor
  • Barbiturates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry

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