A novel interpretation of coding in time-modulated arrays

Mehdi Gholami, Mohammad Neshat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this paper, we show that the digital code bits used in the time-coded modulation arrays can be interpreted as vector elements, and with this new interpretation, a better understanding of the relationship between the codes and the amplitude/phase of the generated harmonic signals is obtained. Using such interpretation, we show that one can easily perform the beam steering in a TMA by electronically shifting the bits of a proper code. Through full-wave simulations, we demonstrate the beam steering of a TMA without the use of any phase shifter, and only by shifting the digital code bits. The proposed interpretation can play an important role in reducing the complexity of the optimal code selection in controlling of TMAs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 29th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781665433655
ISBN (Print)9781665433662
Publication statusPublished - 04 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event29th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering 2021 - Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Duration: 18 May 202120 May 2021

Publication series

NameICEE Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2164-7054
ISSN (Electronic)2642-9527


Conference29th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering 2021
Abbreviated titleICEE 2021
Country/TerritoryIran, Islamic Republic of


  • Antenna array
  • Beam steering
  • Time modulated array
  • Time-coded modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation


Dive into the research topics of 'A novel interpretation of coding in time-modulated arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this