A novel protocol for mapping the spatial distribution of storm derived sediment in lakes

R. Timothy Patterson, Veronica Mazzella, Andrew L. Macumber, Braden R.B. Gregory, Calder W. Patterson, Nawaf A. Nasser, Helen M. Roe, Jennifer M. Galloway, Eduard G. Reinhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel geomatics methodology is presented for locating optimal lake coring sites to potentially capture evidence of paleo-storms. One hundred sediment–water interface samples collected from Harvey Lake, NB, Canada (45° 43′ 45″ N; 67° 00′ 25″ W) were analyzed using: end member mixing analysis (EMMA), which can be used to recognize modal grain size distributions derived from sediment resuspension during major storms; and Itrax X-ray fluorescence core scanning-derived Ti, an indicator of catchment runoff, which is enhanced during major storm events. Simple geospatial models based on lake bathymetric and historical wind speed data (Fredericton INTL A climatological station; 1953–2015) were used to determine lake bottom areas susceptible to wave base sediment resuspension. EMMA End Member (EM) 02 (mode = 40 μm) was widely distributed in areas > 4.4 m water depth, which have been unimpacted by wave base remobilization since 1953. Deposition of EM 02 in deeper water areas was interpreted to be of major storm derivation, the result of fallout of resuspended sediments from the water column. This EM was most concentrated in the central part of the lake at >6 m water depth, as well as at the z-max (~ 11 m), and in Herbert’s Cove (3–6 m). The main source of run-off derived Ti into the lake was through Sucker Brook, with the highest concentrations in Herbert’s Cove and the central part of the lake, including the lake z-max. This assessment indicates that the best undisturbed sedimentary record of paleo-storms is mostly likely in the central part of the lake north of the z-max at water depths of > 6 m, as well as deeper water areas of Herbert’s Cove.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2125
JournalSN Applied Sciences
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2020

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