A novel Pt(IV) mono azido mono triazolato complex evolves azidyl radicals following irradiation with visible light

Kezi Yao, Arnau Bertran, Jacques Morgan, Samuel M. Hare, Nicholas H. Rees, Alan M. Kenwright, Katharina Edkins, Alice M. Bowen, Nicola J. Farrer

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Abstract

The platinum (IV) azido complex trans, trans,trans-[PtIV(N3)2(OH)2(py)2] (1) undergoes cycloaddition with 1,4-diphenyl-2-butyne-1,4-dione (2) under mild, catalyst-free conditions, affording a number of mono and bis click products. The major mono click product (3) exists in MeCN as an equilibrium mixture between two species; 3a and 3b rapidly interconvert through nucelophilic attack of the axial Pt- OH group at the adjacent Ph-CO group. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for this interconversion have been measured by selective saturation-transfer NMR spectroscopic experiments and are consistent with cyclisation at the Pt centre. Complex 3b was also characterised by X-ray crystallography. Visible light irradiation (440 - 480 nm) of 3 in d3-MeCN produces azidyl radicals (N3•), as demonstrated by EPR spin-trapping with DMPO; no generation of
hydroxyl radicals was observed. 1H-195Pt HMBC NMR confirmed that the photoproducts were PtIV rather than PtII species, and HPLC was consistent with these being [3 – N3]+ species; no facile photoejection of the triazolato ligand was observed, consistent with MS/MS fragmentation of 3. When 3 was irradiated in the presence of 5’-GMP, no 5’-GMP photoproducts were observed, suggesting that complex 3 is likely to exhibit significantly simplified biological activity (release of azidyl radicals but not DNA binding) compared with complex 1.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
Early online date23 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 23 Apr 2019

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