A novel single base deletion in the LDLR gene (211delG): Effect on serum lipid profiles and the influence of other genetic polymorphisms in the ACE, APOE and APOB genes

A.J. Ward, M. O'Kane, D.P. Nicholls, I.S. Young, N.C. Nevin, C.A. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A single base deletion (211delG) in the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene was shown to cause familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) in a large family from Northern Ireland. Twenty-four of 52 family members tested had this mutation, 13 of which were newly diagnosed. Mutation-positive individuals had significantly higher mean total-cholesterol (TC) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) than those without 211delG. LDL-C was a more accurate indicator of disease status than TC, When TC levels alone were considered, in individuals over 16 years, a false negative rate (TC <7.5 mmol/l) of 40% was found; however, this fell to 13% based on inclusion of LDL-C levels. Individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD) had significantly higher TC levels than those without CAD and tended to have tendinous xanthomas (TX) and corneal arcus (CA). Genetic polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and apolipoprotein (ape) B genes did not appear to be associated with lipid levels or with the clinical severity of the disease; however, the apo E e4 allele did show a lipid-raising effect in individuals with the mutation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages9
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume120
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 1996

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