A numerical study of trailing edge geometry for low inertia automotive mixed flow turbines

T. Leonard, S. W. Spence, J. Early, D. Filsinger

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Abstract. Mixed flow turbines can offer improvements over typical radial turbines used in automotive turbochargers, with respect to transient performance and low velocity ratio efficiency. Turbine rotor mass dominates the rotating inertia of the turbocharger’s rotating assembly, and any reductions of mass in the outer radii of the wheel, including the rotor back-disk, can significantly reduce this inertia and improve the acceleration of the assembly. Off-design, low velocity ratio conditions are typified by highly tangential flow at the rotor inlet and a non-zero inlet blade angle is desirable for such operating conditions. This is achievable in a Mixed Flow Turbine without increasing bending stresses within the rotor blade, which is beneficial in high speed and high inlet temperature turbine designs.
This study considers the meridional geometry of Mixed Flow Turbines using a multi-disciplinary study to assess both the structural and aerodynamic performance of each rotor, incorporating both CFD and FEA. Variations of rotor trailing edge were investigated at different operating conditions representing both on- and off-design operation within the constraints of existing hardware geometries. In all cases, the performance is benchmarked against an existing state-of-the-art radial turbocharger turbine with consideration of rotor inertia and its benefit for engine transient performance. The results indicate the influence of these parameters and this report details their benefits with respect to turbocharging a downsized, automotive engine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2014
EventTHIESEL 2014 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 09 Sep 201412 Sep 2014

Conference

ConferenceTHIESEL 2014
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period09/09/201412/09/2014

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