A paediatric hospital care AMC report for Northern Ireland

Peter Mallett, Danielle McMichael, Yingfen Hsia, Paul Moriarty, Sharon Christie, Lynne Speirs, Neil Dawson, Helen Groves, Lynne McFetridge, Peter Yew, Nita Saxena, Julie Lewis, Cara McKeating, Nick Lipscomb, Aoife McMorrow, Majella Moohan, Shaun O Hagan, Grace Hollywood, Geraldine Conlon-Bingham, Roisin CampbellCarleen Hibbard, Bernie McCullagh, Tamara Cullen-Byrne, Kirsty Williamson, Hilary Brennan, Anne Keenan, Emma Barbour, NI Paediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship group (NI-PAS)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is high on the agenda of healthcare policymakers and measurement of its impact is reliant on antimicrobial consumption (AMC) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data. Recent AMC reports have identified high antimicrobial prescribing rates in Northern Ireland (NI), compared with UK and European countries, but no separate paediatric data were reported.

To describe AMC trends in paediatric and neonatal inpatient care in NI between September 2015 and September 2020, in order to: (i) create a paediatric-specific AMC report and benchmark for future AMS interventions; and (ii) develop an action plan for establishing paediatric AMC/AMR surveillance in NI.

AMC data, measured in monthly DDD, as well as hospital bed occupancy and admissions statistics were analysed. Hospital AMC was measured using several metrics and subdivided by level of paediatric and neonatal care, and by proportion of antibiotic use according to the WHO AWaRe classification.

Paediatric-specific consumption in hospital care was 0.3–0.42 DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day, representing approximately 10% of total AMC. There was variation in AMC rates between similar units. In some areas, an increasing proportion of Watch and Reserve antibiotic consumption was observed.

A baseline AMC dataset for paediatric and neonatal units across NI has been created. Continuous prospective collection and analysis of these data, along with AMR surveillance, would strengthen paediatric AMS programmes and provide crucial information for their resourcing. It is hoped that this report will act as a catalyst to galvanize paediatric AMS efforts regionally.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2024-2029
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Issue number7
Early online date22 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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