Fusarium mycotoxins are frequent contaminants of cereals in many world regions, and are suggested risk factors for various acute and chronic human diseases. To date a lack of exposure tools has restricted epidemiological studies of the potential health effects. Recently established exposure biomarkers for deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins are now available and here a pilot biomarker survey of 110 women (aged 39 to 72 years) from Golestan, northern Iran was conducted on samples collected at one time point during August-September 2007. Urinary DON and DON-glucuronide combined were detected frequently (79/110, 72%), mean 1.3 ng DON/ml urine, range not detected (nd)-6.5 ng/ml; mean creatinine adjusted levels were 1.5 ng DON/mg creatinine, range nd-7.1 ng/mg). Neither urinary de-epoxy DON (DOM-1) and DOM-1 glucuronide combined, nor urinary fumonisin B-1 were detected. This study is the first reported biomarker based exposure assessment of DON and fumonisins in this region. Overall DON exposure at this time point appears modest compared to other world regions where data are available.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health